The United States is currently a net exporter of petroleum products and coal. The United States imports petroleum primarily from Canada, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Mexico, and Colombia. In 2018, energy imports to the United States reached its lowest level since the 1950s. On the other hand, the U.S. is a net importer of natural gas and crude oil. If the U.S. is to become a net exporter, it is expected that natural gas will become a dominant energy export, primarily to Mexico through a pipeline or to other countries as liquefied natural gas (LNG).
It has been projected that, under current conditions, net U.S. energy imports may be eliminated sometime between 2020 and 2030. Under increased oil and natural gas production as well as increased use of renewables, a moderate demand growth is expected to contribute to the United States becoming a net energy exporter.