Diabetes mellitus is a growing concern in modern society, with the number of individuals with diabetes growing year-on-year. Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which individuals have elevated blood sugar levels over a period of time. The two common forms of diabetes are referred to as type 1, which results when the cells in the pancreas fail to produce enough insulin and type 2 , which initially develops as a resistance to insulin when the cells fail to respond to insulin properly. In the United Kingdom there are more individuals with type 2 diabetes than type 1. Furthermore, there is a sizeable difference between deprivation quintiles in England and the likelihood of diabetes. In the most deprived areas, the prevalence of both types of diabetes were higher than anywhere else. In 2019, there were almost 14 thousand diabetes related deaths in the United Kingdom.
Prevention and treatment of diabetes varies depending on the type each individual has. Type 1 diabetes is managed with insulin injections, whereas type 2 diabetes may be managed through exercise and diet or with insulin. Individuals with diabetes are expected to be able to self-manage their insulin. Thanks to advancements in medical technology, individuals are able to monitor their blood sugar levels with the help of blood glucose monitoring items. In the United Kingdom health expenditure amounted to over 5.2 thousand U.S. dollars for every person living with diabetes in the country.
The National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom has established a diabetes treatment and care program to ensure adult and pediatric patients receive the appropriate care processes. Individuals with diabetes should receive all eight care processes annually. These care processes involve such things as blood pressure checks, cholesterol monitoring, and foot surveillance. However, figures show that individuals with type 1 diabetes are less likely to receive all of the eight care processes.
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In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 30 most important statistics relating to "Diabetes in the United Kingdom (UK)".