Prevention and treatment of diabetes varies depending on the type each individual has. Type 1 diabetes is managed with insulin injections, whereas type 2 diabetes may be managed through exercise and diet or with insulin. Individuals with diabetes are expected to be able to self-manage their insulin. The number of individuals offered structured education on how to manage their diabetes has increased to over 75 percent as of 2014/15. However, in England and Wales, less than 50 percent of children with diabetes receive training for how to manage their diabetes.
The National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom has established a diabetes treatment and care programme to ensure patients receive the appropriate care processes. Individuals with diabetes should receive all eight care processes annually. However, figures show that individuals with type 1 diabetes are less likely to receive all of the eight care processes.
Thanks to advancements in medical technology, individuals are able to monitor their blood sugar levels with the help of blood glucose monitoring items. Further still, digital healthcare has progressed to now allow individuals to manage their diabetes through mobile health applications.