Angola - Statistics & Facts

Angola is a country located in Southern Africa, and is one of the largest countries in the world by area, with a population of approximately 27 million people, which is estimated to increase by roughly 3 million by 2020. Luanda, the state capital, is the most populated city in Angola, with a metropolitan population of about 6 million, and is an important industrial and cultural center. Almost half of Angola's inhabitants live in urban areas, the state being among top 20 countries with the highest population growth rate worldwide in 2016. At the same time, due to a lack of a comprehensive health care system, Angola ranks quite high among the countries with the lowest life expectancy, and also among those with the highest death rates. Due to its semi-arid climate, Angola suffered the worst drought of the last 25 years in 2016, and subsequently the worst food crisis for the country in the last two decades. Thus, Angola's population is highly affected by hunger and malnutrition.

The Republic of Angola was under Portuguese colonization until November 1975, when it gained its independence. Afterwards, the Civil War ravaged the country for 27 years, until it finally ended in 2002, leaving the country with a myriad of socioeconomic problems. Nowadays, Angola is a presidential republic, divided into 18 provinces, and is still trying to recover. The official language of the country is Portuguese.

After 2002, the country reached more or less economic stability, its GDP still wavering from 103 billion U.S. dollars in 2015 to an estimated 96 billion U.S. dollars in 2016, and back to 122 billion U.S. dollars the following year. It is estimated to exceed roughly 142 billion U.S. dollars in 2020, making Angola's economy one of the fastest-growing economies worldwide.

An OPEC member, Angola produces around 1.8 million barrels of oil per day, making it one of the most important countries in terms of oil production. The diamond and natural gas sectors account for a large part of the country’s industry. Its most important export and import partner is China, with whom Angola predominantly trades petroleum products. Another major share of its oil products is shipped to the United States.

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