Since the 2000s, greater emphasis was given by Singapore’s Ministry of Education (MOE) to collaborative learning, creative thinking and technology literacy. Education spending usually makes up about 20 percent of the annual national budget, which subsidizes state education and government-assisted private education for Singaporean citizens. Currently, the ministry also oversees the management and development of government-funded schools, as well as post-secondary institutions such as the institutes of technical education, polytechnics and universities.
Typically, a Singaporean student goes through ten years of formal education. However, a primary school education of six years is compulsory for all children aged seven to 12 in Singapore. As of 2018, there were over 300 schools for primary, secondary and post-secondary education. The main language of instruction in Singapore is English, which was officially designated the first language within the local education system in 1987. All Singapore students are also required to study their mother tongue, which is usually either Chinese, Malay or Tamil. It is an examinable subject for the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE), as well as the General Certificate of Education (GCE) N-, O- and A-Level examinations.
Despite topping world rankings, the educational system’s focus towards high achievement in exams has placed mental and emotional stress upon its students. In response, MOE facilitated the deployment of school counsellors to assist with such needs. The ministry is also tweaking the PSLE scoring system, to come into effect from 2021, and has stopped naming top scorers in an effort to reduce competitive pressure amongst students.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 22 most important statistics relating to "Education in Singapore".