The Women's Shot Put was introduced as an event in the Summer Olympics in 1948. Since then, athletes from the Soviet Union had the most success in the event, winning seven golds and 13 total medals between 1952 and 1992**. German athletes have also had a lot of success in this event, winning four golds and 15 overall medals for Germany, East Germany and West Germany. The event's most successful athlete is New Zealand's Valerie Adams, who won two golds, one silver, and one bronze between 2008 and 2020.
This event has had more medals stripped from athletes than any other event in Olympic history (including the Winter Olympics), with six stripped medals in total; two of each respective color. Three of these medals were stripped from Belarusian athletes, while the other three were stripped from Russian athletes. All of these stripped medals were in relation to offenses committed between 2004 and 2012, with the 2012 gold and 2008 bronze medals both taken from the same athlete; Nadzeya Ostapchuk of Belarus. All of the stripped medals have been redistributed accordingly, apart from the 2004 bronze medal, which was left vacant as it would have been given to Ostapchuk.
Medal count by country in the Women's Shot Put at the Summer Olympics from 1948 to 2020
*No longer exists/competes at the Olympics.
**Includes the Unified Team of 1992 (which was made up of athletes from all former Soviet States, except the three Baltic states).
***Includes the United Team of Germany (1956-1964), but does not include East or West Germany.
This data was collected using the official Olympic.org site, as well as a spreadsheet from the Guardian that includes data from 1896-2008 (available here), 2012 and 2016 data was compared with that from Encyclopaedia Britannica, and several news outlets were used to update the table when medals were reassigned (i.e. for doping offenses).
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olympic.org, & The Guardian. (August 6, 2021). Medal count by country in the Women's Shot Put at the Summer Olympics from 1948 to 2020 [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved September 26, 2022, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117920/olympics-womens-shot-put-medal-table-since-1948/
olympic.org, und The Guardian. "Medal count by country in the Women's Shot Put at the Summer Olympics from 1948 to 2020." Chart. August 6, 2021. Statista. Accessed September 26, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117920/olympics-womens-shot-put-medal-table-since-1948/
olympic.org, The Guardian. (2021). Medal count by country in the Women's Shot Put at the Summer Olympics from 1948 to 2020. Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: September 26, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117920/olympics-womens-shot-put-medal-table-since-1948/
olympic.org, and The Guardian. "Medal Count by Country in The Women's Shot Put at The Summer Olympics from 1948 to 2020." Statista, Statista Inc., 6 Aug 2021, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117920/olympics-womens-shot-put-medal-table-since-1948/
olympic.org & The Guardian, Medal count by country in the Women's Shot Put at the Summer Olympics from 1948 to 2020 Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1117920/olympics-womens-shot-put-medal-table-since-1948/ (last visited September 26, 2022)