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Mother tongue of the Catalan population 2020

The Catalan and Spanish languages coexist in the coastal region of Catalonia, both enjoying official and equal status. As of 2020, about half of the population of Catalonia considered Spanish their mother tongue, whereas about 38 percent reported being native speakers of Catalan. Only about 12 percent of the respondents stated to be fully bilingual. Catalonia was the second most populous autonomous community in Spain in 2020 with about 7.7 million people.

Editorial scene in Catalonia

Despite the fact that the vast majority of books in Spain are published in Spanish, the Catalan language ranked second in the country’s editorial scene at about 9 percent of book publications, revealing the weight of this language among other languages spoken in Spain. In fact, Catalan was one of the most translated languages in this country according to the latest studies.

Catalonia in Spain

The Catalan participation in the Spanish GDP was estimated at 20.2 percent in 2019. This figure maintained steadily over the last few years, with an average share of about 20 percent of the total GDP of the country. The average GDP per capita in Catalonia was significantly higher than that of the rest of Spain at 32.7 thousand euros in 2019. During the same period, Spain’s average GDP per capita was 26.4 thousand euros, whereas the Eurozone average stood at 34.8 thousand euros per capita.

Catalonia: which language do you consider to be your mother tongue?

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Release date

October 2020



Survey time period

17 to 23 July, 2020

Number of respondents

1,500 respondents

Special properties

excluding N/A data

Method of interview

Telephone omnibus survey (CATI-omnibus)

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