Number of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in India - by type FY 2017

The micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) sector in India just like the population, is only second to China. During financial year 2017, the total number of MSMEs in the country was more than 36 million. The majority of the enterprises are in the unregistered sector, presumably because of registration benefits such as subsidies and loans being too cumbersome to avail. The enterprises are run by the owners with little or no support and revenue earnings as a priority.

MSME significance

MSMEs are vital for the economy in terms of their contribution to the market and generation of employment in the country. The manufacturing output of MSMEs was close to 30 trillion Indian rupees during financial year 2015. The output from the enterprises also accounted for an almost 31 percent contribution to the GDP in the same financial year.

A glance at the enterprises

Between the two sectors, the dominant hand is laid by the service sector, which had an employment figure of approximately 50 million, whereas the manufacturing sector could only pull off half that number. Most of the employment comes from unregistered enterprises, with hesitations and avoidance of the difficult registration process quite evident. The saying “small things make the largest impact” holds true for MSMEs in India where small enterprises had a fixed asset value of over two trillion Indian rupees. With more infrastructural input and a simplified process of registration and receiving benefits from the government, MSMEs in the country are destined to go a long way.

Number of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) across India in FY 2017, by type

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Release date

April 2017



Survey time period

FY 2017

Special properties

India's financial year begins in April and ends in March. For example, FY 2017 started in April 2016 and ended in March 2017.

Supplementary notes

Note: According to the source, figures are based the latest census conducted (Fourth All India Census of MSME in FY 2007). The results of Economic Census 2005 were excluded from the Fourth All India Census of MSMEs for the unregistered sector. This includes wholesale/retail trade, legal, educational and social services, hotel and restaurants, transports and storage and warehousing (except cold storage).
Figures have been rounded for clarity.

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