Although Afghanistan’s fertility rate is one of the highest worldwide, it is unfortunately worth noting that its infant mortality rate is also ranked first worldwide. All in all, life expectancy in Afghanistan is quite low with an average of about 60 years. Afghanistan’s age distribution is consequently showing the majority of the population being of younger age as well. In 2016, Afghanistan was listed on rank 169 of 188 states on the Human Development Index, a significantly low rank.
Afghanistan’s gross domestic product per capita has been on a downswing over last few years, but is estimated to recover and even increase again, starting in 2018, after its current slump. It is also still one of the lowest GDPs per capita worldwide. There are no definite unemployment figures for Afghanistan, only estimates, but the inflation rate is expected to be recovering and stabilize again from a severe setback in 2015, presumably due to the consequences of years of war.
Afghanistan exports significantly less goods than it imports, which causes a remarkable trade balance deficit, which is not expected to get out of the red anytime soon. One of its most important trade partners for both, export and import is Pakistan.
Since 2001, foreign troops have been stationed in Afghanistan to fight the Islamist Taliban Regime ruling the country, and to help the Afghan government stabilize. The United States has sent the largest number of soldiers for this ISAF mission helmed by the NATO. The troops are now slowly being withdrawn from the country. However, Afghanistan's economy may need a lot more time to recover from the war.