Cancer care in the United Kingdom - Statistics & Facts
Cancer forms when abnormal cells grow and divide in an uncontrolled way. This normally starts due to gene changes in a single cell or a group of cells, which are known as mutations. There have to be multiple mutations before a normal cell turns into a cancer cell. Cancers are grouped according to the type of cell they start in. They include carcinomas, sarcomas, leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma, and brain and spinal cord cancers.
The NHS offers three types of cancer screening to adults in the United Kingdom, these are cervical screening which is offered to women aged between 25 and 64 years, breast cancer screening for women aged between 50 and 70 years and bowel cancer screening offered to individuals over 50 years old, or those with a predisposition or family history. The majority of individuals who attend cancer screenings are aged 40 plus. Cancer screenings have proven an effective way of checking individuals for any abnormalities or tumor growths, and have thus attributed to more individuals being successfully treated for cancer in the early stages of disease diagnosis.
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