The worldwide electricity consumption was 21,153 billion kilowatt hours in 2015. In comparison the Middle East region alone consumed about 734 terawatt hours electricity.
The Middle East as a region is rich in natural resources and relies heavily on natural gas and oil for electricity and energy generation. The process of sustainable energy production is slow in catching up in the Middle Eastern region. According to a projection for 2035, the Middle Eastern region will continue to depend heavily on oil and gas as prime source of energy and increase only slightly its use of renewable energy sources. However, it has been forecasted that installed capacity of solar energy will increase from 1.35 gigawatts in 2016 to 63 gigawatts in 2035, making it the third largest energy source for the region. And dramatic increase can be seen as well in the installed capacity of wind energy from 0.36 gigawatts in 2016 to 11 gigawatts in 2035.
Currently the Middle East only generates only 0.9. percent of the global renewable energy. the Gulf Cooperation Council as sub-region of the Middle East invested in 2018 1.2 billion U.S dollars in renewable energy projects. This is part of the future investments of the GCC countries for the time when their natural resources are no longer the prime income source. About 45 percent of jobs in the renewable energy sector could be in this case be housed in the United Arab Emirates, as most of the renewable in the GCC region is estimated to be generated in the UAE as well.
According to estimations, about 40.39 thousand megawatts of renewable energy from photovoltaic utility could be generated in the Gulf Cooperation Council by 2030.