Quarterly average wind speed in the United Kingdom (UK) 2010-2019

Wind speed averages in the United Kingdom are generally highest in the first and fourth quarters of each calendar year – the winter months. Since 2010, the UK’s highest wind speed average was recorded in the first quarter of 2020, at 11.5 knots. During this period, 2010 was the only year that had the greatest wind speeds outside the winter months, with an average of 8.4 knots in the third quarter. In 2019, wind speeds ranged between a low of 7.6 knots in the second quarter and 9.3 knots in the first quarter. Apart from an uncommonly still 2010, UK wind speeds generally average 8.6 knots annually. 2015 marked the year with the highest average wind speed in the UK (since the beginning of the reporting period in 2001), arriving at an average of 9.4 knots.

Wind power

The UK has some of the best wind conditions in Europe for wind power. By the end of 2019, there were 40 offshore wind farms with grid-connected turbines in the UK, by far the most in Europe. In the same year, wind power produced 63.5 terawatts of electricity, making the UK the second-largest wind energy producer in the European Union following Germany.

Quarterly rainfall

Another weather phenomenon, UK rainfall also tends to be heaviest in the winter months. The average rainfall in the fourth quarter of years between 2010 and 2019 was 485.4 millimeters, with figures in 2011 spiking to 738.6 millimeters. That year, precipitation levels in some parts of Scotland were the highest in one hundred years, while southern parts of England kept remarkably dry.

Quarterly wind speed average in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2010 to 2019

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Release date

July 2020


United Kingdom

Survey time period

2010 to 2019

Supplementary notes

* Provisional.
1 knot equals 1 nautical mile per hour, which in turn equals 1.151 statute miles per hour.
Regional wind speed data are aggregated based on wind electricity generating capacity.

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Statistics on "Weather in the UK"

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