U.S. Employment Cost Index Q1 2013- Q1 2024

Employment Cost Index for all employees in the United States from the first quarter of 2013 to the first quarter of 2024

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Release date

April 2024


United States

Survey time period

2013 to 2024

Supplementary notes

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries. The total compensation series includes changes in wages and salaries and in employer costs for employee benefits. Employer costs for employee benefits are collected for paid leave — vacations, holidays, sick leave, and personal leave; supplemental pay — premium pay for work in addition to the regular work schedule (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) and for shift differentials, and nonproduction bonuses (such as yearend, referral, and attendance bonuses); insurance benefits — life, health, short-term disability, and long-term disability insurance; retirement and savings benefits — defined benefits and defined contribution plans; and legally required benefits — Social Security, Medicare, Federal and State unemployment insurance, and workers’ compensation.
Further information regarding the methodology of the ECI can be found here.
Seasonal adjustment is a statistical method for removing the seasonal component of a time series used when analyzing non-seasonal trends.

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