Production of paper and cardboard in selected countries 2009-2018

In 2018, China produced about 110 million metric tons of paper and cardboard. The country has produced the largest volume of paper worldwide each year since 2009. Other major producing countries include the United States, Japan, and Germany.

Paper Trade

Although China is the largest producer of paper and cardboard, they are not the largest exporter. Germany exported some 13.7 million metric tons of paper and cardboard in 2018, making them the top exporter that year, followed by the United States, Finland, Sweden, and Canada. In terms of imports, Germany and the United States still led the list that year. Other major importers include the United Kingdom, Italy and France, respectively.

Paper Consumption

Globally, 422 million metric tons of paper and cardboard were consumed in 2017. This is an increase of about 7 million tons compared to the previous year. Great quantities of paper and paperboard are consumed by China (about 110 million metric tons) and the United States (about 70 million metric tons).

Production volume of paper and cardboard in major countries from 2009 to 2018

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period

2009 to 2018

Supplementary notes

VDP stands for "Verband Deutscher Papierfabriken" (Association of German Paper Factories).
* Data for 2009 and 2011 was not provided by the source.

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