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Medicaid expenditure by enrollment group 2017

Medicaid expenditure on disabled persons was estimated to have totaled 216 billion U.S. dollars in 2017, which was more than any other enrollment group. Disabled individuals also had the highest per enrollee costs during the year.

The high costs of health care

Federal and state governments together spent an estimated 600 billion U.S. dollars on the Medicaid health insurance program in 2017. Despite having the smallest shares of Medicaid enrollees, the elderly and disabled groups combined to account for more than half of all Medicaid expenditure in 2017. These two groups have a significantly higher per enrollee expenditure because they have greater long-term needs – Medicaid expenditure on acute care and long-term care benefits combined for approximately 260 billion U.S. dollars in 2017.

Which eligibility group has the most enrollees?

Elderly individuals can qualify for Medicaid through several pathways, but an income-based methodology is primarily used to determine eligibility for most adults, pregnant women, and children. Children accounted for 40 percent of Medicaid enrollees in 2017, which was the largest share of all enrollment groups. Around 28 million children are enrolled in Medicaid programs across the United States, and the number of enrollees is projected to top 30 million in the coming years.

Distribution of Medicaid expenditure in 2017, by enrollment group

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Source

Release date

April 2020

Region

United States

Survey time period

fiscal year 2017

Supplementary notes

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Statistics on "Medicaid/CHIP"

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