Medicaid expenditure by enrollment group 2017

Medicaid expenditure on disabled persons was estimated to have totaled 216 billion U.S. dollars in 2017, which was more than any other enrollment group. Disabled individuals also had the highest per enrollee costs during the year.

The high costs of health care

Federal and state governments together spent an estimated 600 billion U.S. dollars on the Medicaid health insurance program in 2017. Despite having the smallest shares of Medicaid enrollees, the elderly and disabled groups combined to account for more than half of all Medicaid expenditure in 2017. These two groups have a significantly higher per enrollee expenditure because they have greater long-term needs – Medicaid expenditure on acute care and long-term care benefits combined for approximately 260 billion U.S. dollars in 2017.

Which eligibility group has the most enrollees?

Elderly individuals can qualify for Medicaid through several pathways, but an income-based methodology is primarily used to determine eligibility for most adults, pregnant women, and children. Children accounted for 40 percent of Medicaid enrollees in 2017, which was the largest share of all enrollment groups. Around 28 million children are enrolled in Medicaid programs across the United States, and the number of enrollees is projected to top 30 million in the coming years.

Distribution of Medicaid expenditure in 2017, by enrollment group

You need to log in to download this statistic
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Show detailed source information?
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in

Release date

April 2020


United States

Survey time period

fiscal year 2017

Supplementary notes

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $468 / Year
Basic Account
Get to know the platform

You only have access to basic statistics.

Single Account
The ideal entry-level account for individual users
  • Instant access to 1m statistics
  • Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format
  • Detailed references
$59 $39 / Month *
in the first 12 months
Corporate Account
Full access

Corporate solution including all features.

* Prices do not include sales tax.

Statistics on "Medicaid/CHIP"

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $468 / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.