Lead reserves worldwide by country 2018

Lead reserves worldwide as of 2018, by country (in million metric tons)

by M. Garside, last edited Aug 9, 2019
Lead reserves worldwide by country 2018 Australia had the world’s largest reserves of lead reserves as of 2018, amounting to 24 million metric tons that year.
Lead and its uses

Lead is a naturally occurring element that is soft and malleable. It is a post-transition metal that is very dense and is easily tarnished to a dull grey color. Lead’s use by humans dates back to 7000-6500 BCE, first found in modern day Anatolia. Ancient Egyptians first used it in cosmetics, and as well as likely having used the metal in glasses, enamels, and as weights for fishing nets. In recent decades, however the use of lead has decreased due to health concerns. Prolonged exposure to lead can cause negative health effects. Regardless of its negative health effects, it is still seen as a valuable commodity. It remains commonly used in car batteries, pigments, lifting weights, and ammunition.

Global lead industry figures

In 2018, China produced the world’s largest volume of lead, despite having the second largest lead reserves in the world. That year, they produced 2.1 million metric tons of lead. The total global consumption of refined lead as of 2018 amounted to 11.7 million metric tons of lead. The market price of lead in North America in recent years has been fluctuating. In 2015 the price was 91.2 U.S. cents per pound, which increased to 115 U.S. cents per pound in 2018.
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Lead reserves worldwide as of 2018, by country (in million metric tons)

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