Number of physicians in the U.S. by specialty and gender 2017

The number of male physicians outnumber female physicians in the U.S. in most specialties. The only major exceptions are found in pediatrics, child and adolescent psychiatry, obstetrics and gynecology, although female physicians do slightly outnumber males in a few other specialties. As of 2017, there were around 68,000 male family medicine/general practice physicians compared to 45,000 females in this specialty.

Physicians in the U.S.

Both the number of doctors and rate of doctors in the U.S. have increased over the years. As of 2015, there were around 870,900 active doctors of medicine in the U.S. This was around 29.2 physicians per 10,000 civilian population. In 1995, this rate stood at 24.2 physicians per 10,000 population.

Physicians by state

The states with the highest overall number of active physicians are California, New York, Texas, and Florida. However, the states with the highest rate of physicians per 10,000 civilian population include Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Maryland. The District of Columbia has the highest rate of physicians by a large margin, with around 74.6 physicians per 10,000 population. The state with the highest annual compensation for physicians is Oklahoma, where physicians earn an annual average of 337,000 dollars.

Number of active physicians in the U.S. in 2017, by specialty and gender

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Release date

April 2018


United States

Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* Date released represents the date figures were accessed.
Excludes 1,086 active physicians whose sex is unknown.

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Statistics on "Physicians in the U.S."

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