Number of physicians in the U.S. by specialty and gender 2017

The number of male physicians outnumber female physicians in the U.S. in most specialties. The only major exceptions are found in pediatrics, child and adolescent psychiatry, obstetrics and gynecology, although female physicians do slightly outnumber males in a few other specialties. As of 2017, there were around 68,000 male family medicine/general practice physicians compared to 45,000 females in this specialty.

Physicians in the U.S.

Both the number of doctors and rate of doctors in the U.S. have increased over the years. As of 2015, there were around 870,900 active doctors of medicine in the U.S. This was around 29.2 physicians per 10,000 civilian population. In 1995, this rate stood at 24.2 physicians per 10,000 population.

Physicians by state

The states with the highest overall number of active physicians are California, New York, Texas, and Florida. However, the states with the highest rate of physicians per 10,000 civilian population include Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Maryland. The District of Columbia has the highest rate of physicians by a large margin, with around 74.6 physicians per 10,000 population. The state with the highest annual compensation for physicians is Oklahoma, where physicians earn an annual average of 337,000 dollars.

Number of active physicians in the U.S. in 2017, by specialty and gender

Allergy & immunology2,9391,833
Anatomic/clinical pathology7,9834,847
Cardiovascular disease19,0543,138
Child & adolescent psychiatry4354,849
Critical care medicine8,5293,013
Emergency medicine30,65711,658
Endocrinology, diabetes & metabolism3,8153,668
Family medicine/general practice68,00445,342
General surgery19,8655,157
Geriatric medicine2,6532,939
Hematology & oncology10,2685,122
Infectious disease5,3693,753
Internal medicine71,57743,770
Internal medicine/pediatrics2,4162,704
Interventional cardiology3,546294
Neonatal-perinatal medicine2,7002,826
Neurological surgery5,065463
Obstetrics & gynecology17,87923,740
Orthopedic surgery17,9811,016
Pain medicine & pain management4,350982
Pediatric cardiology1,750979
Pediatric hematology/oncology1,3021,489
Physical medicine & rehabilitation6,0323,284
Plastic surgery5,9951,144
Preventive medicine4,3742,235
Pulmonary disease4,644620
Radiation oncology3,6611,365
Radiology & diagnostic radiology20,6017,101
Sports medicine (orthopedic surgery)2,440172
Thoracic surgery4,102309
Vascular & interventional radiology3,090325
Vascular surgery3,204482
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Release date

April 2018


United States

Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* Date released represents the date figures were accessed.
Excludes 1,086 active physicians whose sex is unknown.

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Statistics on "Physicians in the U.S."

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