As of March 31, 2022, there were approximately 14.43 million trucks registered for use in Japan, down from about 14.85 million in 2013. It is noteworthy, however, that commercial-use and private-use truck registrations showed different trends in recent years. While private-use trucks decreased in number over the past decade, the number of commercial-use trucks has grown gradually since 2013.
Distinguishing commercial-use and private-use trucks
The distinction between commercial-use and private-use trucks in Japan is denoted by vehicle registration and is indicated by the color of the vehicle’s number plate. While trucks with white background number plates transport freight owned by the vehicle's owner, commercial-use trucks with green background number plates move freight owned by someone else in exchange for payment. Trucking businesses are furthermore divided into several categories by law: there are ‘general freight automobile transportation businesses’ and ‘designated automobile transportation businesses’, which differ primarily in respect to the number of clients. General trucking businesses may further be categorized by function, such as forwarding or door-to-door express deliveries. Besides, businesses are defined by size. In Japan, small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) own 300 million Japanese yen or less of assets, and their employees do not exceed 300 people. SMEs make up more than 99 percent of general trucking businesses.
The trend towards commercial trucking
In recent years, the shift towards commercial trucking has become more and more pronounced. Commercial-use vehicles transport on average a higher volume over a longer distance compared to private-use vehicles. Concerning their capacity, commercial-use trucks are usually designed for heavier loads than private-use registrations. The payload distance of one vehicle per day is more than nine times as much for commercial-use trucks. These efficiency disparities stem from a higher degree of professionalization in the transportation business sector and are likely to grow. Since demand from online retail increases as labor shortages aggravate, the pressure to improve efficiency even mounts. A government initiative called ‘the White Logistics Movement’ encourages the introduction of new technology to increase productivity per worker and to remove industry-specific labor market obstacles for elderly and female workers. Demographic change and increasing efficiency in the trucking industry will further ease the demand for trucks in Japan.
Number of trucks in use in Japan from 2013 to 2022
Profit from the additional features of your individual account
Currently, you are using a shared account. To use individual functions (e.g., mark statistics as favourites, set
statistic alerts) please log in with your personal account.
If you are an admin, please authenticate by logging in again.
Access All Statistics. Starting from $468 USD / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.
AIRIA (Japan). (November 15, 2022). Number of trucks in use in Japan from 2013 to 2022 (in millions) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved February 05, 2023, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/674638/japan-trucks-in-use-numbers/
AIRIA (Japan). "Number of trucks in use in Japan from 2013 to 2022 (in millions)." Chart. November 15, 2022. Statista. Accessed February 05, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/674638/japan-trucks-in-use-numbers/
AIRIA (Japan). (2022). Number of trucks in use in Japan from 2013 to 2022 (in millions). Statista. Statista Inc.. Accessed: February 05, 2023. https://www.statista.com/statistics/674638/japan-trucks-in-use-numbers/
AIRIA (Japan). "Number of Trucks in Use in Japan from 2013 to 2022 (in Millions)." Statista, Statista Inc., 15 Nov 2022, https://www.statista.com/statistics/674638/japan-trucks-in-use-numbers/
AIRIA (Japan), Number of trucks in use in Japan from 2013 to 2022 (in millions) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/674638/japan-trucks-in-use-numbers/ (last visited February 05, 2023)
Number of trucks in use in Japan from 2013 to 2022 (in millions) [Graph], AIRIA (Japan), November 15, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.statista.com/statistics/674638/japan-trucks-in-use-numbers/