Sri Lanka - Statistics & Facts

Sri Lanka is a country in Southern Asia without land boundaries. Although its land area size is among the smallest in the Asia Pacific region, Sri Lanka is densely populated, being home to more than 21 million inhabitants. Interestingly, as a result of a continuously decreasing fertility rate over the last decade, Sri Lanka's population only grows quite slowly. However, the numbers increased by approximately 1.12 percent in 2016 - an exceptionally high jump compared to previous years. This could be an indicator for an increasing standard of living, which would encompass better access to health care and improved hygiene. Another indicator for this is an increasing life expectancy: Life expectancy at birth in Sri Lanka increased by a year over the last decade - not overly much, but definitely on the right path.

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka was under Portuguese and Dutch rule in the 16th and the 17th century, and it became a British colony in 1796 when the island was given to the Kingdom of Great Britain. The country did not gain its independence from the United Kingdom until 1948, and is currently a presidential republic. It is divided into 9 provinces, and has 2 capitals: Colombo, which is the commercial capital, and Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, which has the role of being the administrative capital. The official languages spoken in the state are Sinhala and Tamil.

Sri Lanka’s economy was slightly weakened by the 2008-2009 economic crisis, but it quickly rebounded. Since 2010, gross domestic product has been progressively growing, picking up significantly after 2016. The country's growing economy is also a sign that the standard of living has been increasing for the Sri Lankans. In the last couple of years, the country’s GDP growth has been stabilizing at around 4 percent, and it is expected to continue this way. The services sector accounts for the lion's share of Sri Lanka's GDP generation and employs almost half of the labor force. One reason for this is the travel and tourism industry, which is amongst the most productive industries in the country. In 2016, travel and tourism contributed a total of 9.7 billion U.S. dollars to the Sri Lankan economy. Sri Lanka's most important import and export partners are China and the United States, respectively. Trade has been picking up, too, but even with export figures rising, Sri Lanka still heavily relies on imports, and thus has been reporting a trade deficit for years now.

Interesting statistics

In the following 3 chapters, you will quickly find the 28 most important statistics relating to "Sri Lanka".

Statistics on the topic
Sri Lanka

Dossier on the topic

All important statistics are prepared by our experts – available for direct download as PPT & PDF!

Important key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Sri Lanka" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.


National Finances

Infographics on the topic

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