HIghs and lowsAlong with various health statuses, average life expectancy ranges across the Asia-Pacific region. Hong Kong, Japan, and Singapore all exhibit some of the world’s highest life expectancies. However, Myanmar falls behind in terms of average life expectancies at birth, with Myanmar’s average life expectancy being as much as 17 years lower than Singapore. Despite the significant variations between countries, average life expectancies have been increasing throughout the region.
Although, communicable diseases such as malaria (diseases spread from one person to another, airborne disease, or diseases spread through an insect bite) are still a problem in the Asia-Pacific region, the number of malaria cases has greatly reduced over the past ten years. In 2020, Papua New Guinea recorded the highest number of malaria cases throughout the Asia-Pacific region. As malaria has also always posed a huge threat in the Southeast Asian region, governments of the region devised plans to eradicate the disease by 2030. Other life threatening communicable diseases which are prevalent throughout the region include HIV and tuberculosis. However, recently tuberculosis has become more manageable with high vaccination rates against tuberculosis among children. Despite one disease becoming more controlled, there is still a high number of people living with HIV in the Asia-Pacific region. This has resulted in a high number of deaths due to AIDS.
The number of cases soared throughout the pandemic, with India, South Korea, and Japan recording some of the highest case numbers in the region. Meanwhile, Brunei, Macao, and Hong Kong were among the countries with the highest share of population with at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccination as of December 2022.