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Median age in Africa 2018, by country

Africa has the youngest population in the world. The 21 countries with the lowest median age in Africa are also the countries with the lowest median age worldwide. In 2018, the median age in Niger was 15.4 years, the youngest country. This means that at this age point (15.4 years), half of the population was younger and half older. A young population reflects several demographic characteristics of a country. For instance, together with a high population growth, life expectancy in Western Africa is low: this reached 56 years for males and 58 for females. Overall, Africa has the lowest life expectancy in the world.

African countries with the lowest median age as of 2018

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Source

Release date

May 2020

Region

Africa

Survey time period

2018

Supplementary notes

The median age of a population is the age at which half the population is older than that age and half is younger.

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