U.S. Congress - senators by gender 1975-2019

This graph shows the gender distribution of members in the U.S. Senate from 1975 to 2019. In the 94th Congress of 1975, all 100 senators were male, while in the 116th of 2019, 25 senators were female.

Senators in the U.S. Congress by gender from 1975 to 2019

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Release date

December 2019


United States

Survey time period

1975 to 2019

Supplementary notes

* Data are as of the beginning of each session, and reflect immediate results. Since these results, one more female senator has been added to the 116th Congress as Senator Johnny Isakson (R) resigned on December, 2019, with replacement Kelly Loeffler (R) being appointed the same day.

The data for the 105th Congress are not available.
The data for the 111th Congress excludes vacancies.

Values prior to 1999 taken from previous editions.

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