Recycled old scrap - selected metals in the U.S. 2017

Selected metals recycled from old scrap in the U.S. in 2017, by metal (in metric tons)*

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Release date

September 2020


United States

Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* Scrap that results from consumer products.

Aluminium: Quantity of A metal is the calculated metallic recovery from purchased new and old aluminum-base scrap, estimated for full industry coverage. Monetary value is estimated based on average U.S. market price for primary aluminum metal ingot. Series revised by removing imported scrap to avoid double counting.

Chromium: Chromium quantity of metal recycled was estimated as chromium content of stainless steel scrap receipts (reported by the iron and steel and pig iron industries). For the calculation of apparent supply, trade includes reported or estimated chromium content of chromite ore, ferrochromium, chromium metal and scrap, a variety of chromium-containing chemicals, and stainless steel mill products and scrap. Stocks include estimated chromium content of reported and estimated producer, consumer and Government stocks. Recycled monetary value estimated as recycled quantity times the average import value of high-carbon ferrochromium. Apparent supply monetary value estimated like apparent supply quantity with monetary value substituted for chromium content.

Copper: Includes copper recovered from unalloyed and alloyed copper-base scrap, as refined copper or in alloy forms, as well as copper recovered from aluminum-, nickel-, and zinc-base scrap. Monetary value based on annual average refined copper prices.

Iron and Steel: Recycled scrap reported from consuming manufacturers. Apparent supply measured as shipments of iron and steel products plus castings corrected for imported semifinished products. Recycled unit value is the U.S. annual average composite price for No. 1 heavy-melting steel calculated from prices published in American Metal Market. Unit value for the year used to calculate values of recycled scrap and apparent supply of scrap.

Lead: Monetary value of scrap and apparent supply estimated based upon average quoted price of common lead.

Magnesium: Includes magnesium content of aluminum-base scrap. Monetary value based on the annual average Platts Metals Week U.S. spot Western magnesium price.

Nickel: Nickel statistics were derived from the following: Production, consumption, receipts •Reported nickel content of products made from reclaimed stainless steel dust, spent nickel-cadmium batteries, plating solutions, and other products. •Estimated nickel content of reported net receipts of alloy and stainless steel scrap. •Reported nickel content of recovered copper-base scrap. •Reported nickel content of obsolete and prompt purchased nickel-base scrap. •Estimated nickel content of various types of reported obsolete and prompt aluminum scrap. Trade data •Reported nickel content of International Nickel Study Group (INSG) class I primary products, including briquets, cathode, flake, pellets, and powder. •Reported or estimated nickel content of INSG class II primary products, including ferronickel, metallurgical-grade nickel oxide, and a variety of nickel-containing chemicals. •Estimated nickel content of secondary products, including nickel waste and scrap and stainless steel scrap. Stock data •Reported or estimated nickel content of all scrap stocks, except copper. •Reported nickel content of primary products held by world producers in U.S. warehouses. •Reported nickel content of primary products held by U.S. consumers. •Reported nickel content of U.S. Government stocks. Monetary value based on annual average cash price for cathode, as reported by the London Metal Exchange.

Tin: Monetary value based on Platts Metals Week composite price for tin. Apparent supply excludes withheld stock changes.

Titanium: Percentage recycled based on titanium scrap consumed divided by primary sponge and scrap consumption.

Zinc: Monetary value based on annual average Platts Metals Week metal price for North American special high-grade zinc.

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