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Inflation rate in Nepal 2021

In 2019, the average inflation rate in Nepal was at 4.64 percent, a slight drop compared to the previous year. The inflation rate is calculated using the price increase of a defined product basket. This product basket contains products and services on which the average consumer spends money throughout the year. They include expenses for groceries, clothes, rent, power, telecommunications, recreational activities, and raw materials (e.g. gas, oil), as well as federal fees and taxes.

Political and economic turmoil

The Nepalese economy is heavily influenced by the country’s political situation. It has made only slow progress in connecting with the global economy and improving the standard of living for its inhabitants but is now finally picking up speed. Nepal’s economy is not stable yet: Inflation is decreasing but all over the place – usually a sure sign of a struggling economy – and GDP growth is also not steady and forecast to decrease again in the future. Additionally, Nepal’s trade deficit seems to be in free fall.

Move to the city

A quarter of Nepal’s, mostly rural, population is living below the poverty line, but Nepal is working on improving their outlook in the future. Today, agriculture contributes about a third to the country’s GDP, and a sizeable share of commodity exports consists of agricultural products – but already the lion’s share of Nepal’s GDP is generated by the services sector, like tourism and textiles. By shifting GDP generation to services, and consequently creating jobs in the cities and attracting more people to urban areas, Nepal might finally be able to stabilize its economy and provide better living standards for its inhabitants.

Nepal: Inflation rate from 1984 to 2021

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Release date

April 2020



Survey time period

1984 to 2019

Supplementary notes

According to the source, due to the high level of uncertainty in current global economic conditions, the IMF projections for these indicators are provided only through 2021.

* Estimate.

Values have been rounded to provide a better understanding of the statistic.

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Statistics on "Nepal"

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