Highest number of condom users among Indian couples FY 2020, by state
India’s first condom manufacturer
In 1967, the government of India established Hindustan Latex Limited to manufacture condoms to avoid the cost on imports. The growing population demanded the implementation of a public family planning program which promoted a “Small Family, Happy Family”. Oral pills and condoms were freely distributed as a part of this program. As of March 2018, condoms were the second most popular form of contraception in India after IUD insertions according to a report from the Ministry of Health and Welfare.
Family planning efforts are government-sponsored largely because of the sheer size and diversity of the country’s population. A traditional Indian society puts the weight of contraception and upbringing of children on the women. Contraception among men has declined over the years according to government sources. Education seems to be key in promoting healthy contraception and women’s health. Studies have shown that there is a direct correlation between increased literacy in females and decrease in fertility . Almost 40 percent of Indian women used modern contraception in 2017; this is expected to increase to about 41 percent by 2020.