Those who have served in the military have been shown to be more prone to some specific health issues than those who have not served. For example, those who have served reported being diagnosed with cancer at higher rates than those who had not served. Some of the most commonly reported service-related physical injuries among veterans include musculoskeletal and joint injuries, tinnitus, hearing loss, and traumatic brain injury. Furthermore, military veterans can also be more susceptible to mental health issues such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). As of 2016, around 15 percent of male veterans had been diagnosed with a depressive disorder, compared to 12 percent of males who had not served.
Military veterans suffer from the same health risks such as drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity to a greater or lesser degree as average citizens. While 35 percent of U.S. males who had not served in the military suffered from insufficient sleep, 43 percent of males who had served suffered in comparison, with rates for females showing similar differences. Rates of physical inactivity were lower for those who had served in the military compared to average citizens, however rates of tobacco use were found to be higher.
When speaking of military veterans it is important to remember that even though the majority of veterans are men, there are still over 1.6 million female veterans in the U.S. In 2014 and 2015, female veterans self reported having a high health status slightly more than females who had not served. However, females who served reported higher rates of a number of health conditions including arthritis, cancer and cardiovascular disease. Female veterans also reported more mental health problems than those who did not serve, with 30.8 percent of female veterans reporting some mental illness in the past year, compared to 21.7 percent of females who had not served.