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New Brunswick - Statistics & Facts

New Brunswick is one of and the largest of Canada’s three maritime provinces, alongside Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia. Bordered by Quebec, Nova Scotia, and American state Maine, New Brunswick is home to 789,225 people, where over half live in rural areas. The capital is Fredericton, where about 58,000 people live. Other major cities include Saint John, a large industrial city based on an oil refinery, a nuclear power plant, and a major container port, and Moncton, a headquarter for transportation and distribution facilities, and home of a francophone university, Université de Moncton.

Industy and employment in New Brunswick

As a result of being so close to the Atlantic Ocean, and having mostly forested terrains, fishing and forestry are vital industries in New Brunswick. New Brunswick’s geographical positioning has allowed for them to be a leading province in these industries: the province exported the third-highest number of Christmas trees in 2016, and was ranked third in terms of fish exports in 2020. However, the most lucrative industry is the real estate rental and leasing industry, which is also the one with the highest labor productivity. The GDP of New Brunswick was 29.58 billion Canadian dollars in 2020, a slight decrease from the previous year. Moreover, New Brunswick has about 340,340 employed people, with the health care and social assistance industry accounting for the largest number of jobs. However, they had an unemployment rate just under ten percent in 2020, higher than the Canadian national average.

The only bilingual province

New Brunswick is the only bilingual province in the country, where both English and French are official languages, with about a third of the population speaking French. As the only bilingual province, New Brunswick has a comparatively equal divide of French and English-speaking population. Approximately 163,270 residents were of French origin in 2016. In the province, both French and English language hospitals, healthcare systems, schools, universities, and media are represented. The government of New Brunswick is required to provide these services in both languages as a result of the high number of native French speakers in the province.

Interesting statistics

In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 33 most important statistics relating to "New Brunswick".


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