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Higher education in France - statistics & facts

In 2018, France had more than 2.7 million students. A figure that has been constantly increasing since 1980, when there were half as many people studying after their baccalaureate. This democratization of higher education is due in part to a change in the French economy over the last few decades. Formerly very agricultural and industrialized, the French economy is now primarily a service economy, with jobs to be filled which require increased specialization and therefore an increase in the length of study.
After several years of growth in the student population, what is the current state of higher education in France?

French students are still going to public universities

Higher education in France is fragmented among several institutions: the public university, private schools (business, engineering) and short professional courses. The university was the institution that received the most students in France during 2019-2020, more than half of the student population that year. Far ahead of business and engineering schools, which registered between 170,000 and 200,000 students. Although universities are popular among the majority of French people, it is the business schools that have the wind in their sails. The number of students enrolled in these private schools has not stopped increasing since 2015, going from 150,000 to nearly 200,000.

Private and public education and social inequalities

The principle of free or quasi-free education is a fundamental principle of European and French education. In a French university in 2019, the tuition cost 685 U.S. dollars, compared to more than 11,213 U.S. dollars in England. In addition, some students are exempt from paying tuition fees. Scholarships based on social criteria are awarded to students with low family incomes. The differences in scholarships granted and their recipients vary significantly depending on the field chosen. In 2019, more than half of students in higher technician training were eligible for a grant, and therefore came from a low-income family, compared to only 12 percent of business school students. The inequalities continue in the working world as well. On average, for a 25-34-year-old male with a short education, the salary was 1,800 euros in 2016, compared to 2,250 euros for an employee with a long education

Academic research in France

Since 2009, the French government's investment in research and development has not increased. In 2009, 2.2 percent of GDP was spent on research, in 2018, the rate was similar Similarly, the number of PhDs in France has stagnated over the same period at about 13,000 per year. However, the number of researchers has increased year after year since 2008, reaching nearly 300,000 in 2017.

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Higher education programms and student population

State expenditure and social aid

Professional integration

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Higher education in France

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Higher education in France - statistics & facts

In 2018, France had more than 2.7 million students. A figure that has been constantly increasing since 1980, when there were half as many people studying after their baccalaureate. This democratization of higher education is due in part to a change in the French economy over the last few decades. Formerly very agricultural and industrialized, the French economy is now primarily a service economy, with jobs to be filled which require increased specialization and therefore an increase in the length of study.
After several years of growth in the student population, what is the current state of higher education in France?

French students are still going to public universities

Higher education in France is fragmented among several institutions: the public university, private schools (business, engineering) and short professional courses. The university was the institution that received the most students in France during 2019-2020, more than half of the student population that year. Far ahead of business and engineering schools, which registered between 170,000 and 200,000 students. Although universities are popular among the majority of French people, it is the business schools that have the wind in their sails. The number of students enrolled in these private schools has not stopped increasing since 2015, going from 150,000 to nearly 200,000.

Private and public education and social inequalities

The principle of free or quasi-free education is a fundamental principle of European and French education. In a French university in 2019, the tuition cost 685 U.S. dollars, compared to more than 11,213 U.S. dollars in England. In addition, some students are exempt from paying tuition fees. Scholarships based on social criteria are awarded to students with low family incomes. The differences in scholarships granted and their recipients vary significantly depending on the field chosen. In 2019, more than half of students in higher technician training were eligible for a grant, and therefore came from a low-income family, compared to only 12 percent of business school students. The inequalities continue in the working world as well. On average, for a 25-34-year-old male with a short education, the salary was 1,800 euros in 2016, compared to 2,250 euros for an employee with a long education

Academic research in France

Since 2009, the French government's investment in research and development has not increased. In 2009, 2.2 percent of GDP was spent on research, in 2018, the rate was similar Similarly, the number of PhDs in France has stagnated over the same period at about 13,000 per year. However, the number of researchers has increased year after year since 2008, reaching nearly 300,000 in 2017.

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