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Zero-emission commercial vehicles in Europe - statistics & facts

In February 2019, the European Union set carbon dioxide emissions for most road transports, including heavy and light-duty commercial vehicles. In 2018, the volume of carbon dioxide emissions from commercial vehicles had reached just under 300 million metric tons, with heavy-duty trucks and buses being the highest polluters. The European commercial vehicles fleet is also an aging one, with trucks averaging around 13 years, while buses and vans are on average between 11 and 12 years old. These factors were incentives for a push towards building a zero-emission commercial vehicle fleet in Europe. In 2020, the number of vehicles in the alternative fuel commercial vehicle fleet was over 679,600, including a wide variety of low to zero-emission units. Electric vehicles were the most popular alternative to diesel, with vans weighing under 3.5 metric tons being the most sought-after vehicle type.

Light commercial vehicles lead the market

In 2020, the volume of hybrid-electric commercial vehicles sold on the European market reached more than 16,400 units, more than double its 2019 sale numbers. This boom in new registrations is the most noticeable compared to other low-emissions vehicles. Vans were the leading type of low-emission commercial vehicles in Europe, making up over 80 percent of the total sales of low-emission units in 2020. With over 15,100 light commercial vehicles bought that year, France was the leading country in Europe for new alternative fuel van registrations. The higher demand for low-emission light-duty commercial vehicles compared to trucks and buses linked back to the easier accessibility of charging points for smaller electric and hybrid-electric van models, in part due to their use for in-town traffic. France-based Renault and Germany’s Mercedes-Benz were the market leaders for electric light commercial vehicle sales; Nissan followed close behind with its e-NV200 being the second most popular model in the region in 2020.

A slower shift for heavy commercial vehicles

In 2020, the purchase cost of fully-electric heavy-duty trucks also amounted to some 380,500 U.S. dollars, over three times more than a diesel truck, which contributed to the lower adoption of electric trucks and buses by the European market. Diesel vehicles were still the most popular type, but a slow shift towards zero-emissions started with the new 2019 standards. Heavy-duty commercial vehicles covered by the new 2019 European Union standard made up about eight out of 10 trucks within the European total fleet, with European brands holding most of the market share in this segment. Germany-based Volkswagen and Sweden’s Volvo held over half the percentage of European truck registrations covered by the adopted carbon dioxide standards in 2019. Projected adoption rates of new-energy heavy-duty trucks are projected to reach 19 percent for long-haul freight in 2030. That same year, production of hydrogen fuel cell trucks and battery-electric trucks should reach 10 percent but could climb to almost half the total production of heavy commercial vehicles five years later. This trend illustrates the heavy-duty segment is slowly shifting towards zero-emission.

Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Zero-emission commercial vehicles in Europe" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Companies

Projections

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 30 most important statistics relating to "Zero-emission commercial vehicles in Europe".

Zero-emission commercial vehicles in Europe

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Zero-emission commercial vehicles in Europe - statistics & facts

In February 2019, the European Union set carbon dioxide emissions for most road transports, including heavy and light-duty commercial vehicles. In 2018, the volume of carbon dioxide emissions from commercial vehicles had reached just under 300 million metric tons, with heavy-duty trucks and buses being the highest polluters. The European commercial vehicles fleet is also an aging one, with trucks averaging around 13 years, while buses and vans are on average between 11 and 12 years old. These factors were incentives for a push towards building a zero-emission commercial vehicle fleet in Europe. In 2020, the number of vehicles in the alternative fuel commercial vehicle fleet was over 679,600, including a wide variety of low to zero-emission units. Electric vehicles were the most popular alternative to diesel, with vans weighing under 3.5 metric tons being the most sought-after vehicle type.

Light commercial vehicles lead the market

In 2020, the volume of hybrid-electric commercial vehicles sold on the European market reached more than 16,400 units, more than double its 2019 sale numbers. This boom in new registrations is the most noticeable compared to other low-emissions vehicles. Vans were the leading type of low-emission commercial vehicles in Europe, making up over 80 percent of the total sales of low-emission units in 2020. With over 15,100 light commercial vehicles bought that year, France was the leading country in Europe for new alternative fuel van registrations. The higher demand for low-emission light-duty commercial vehicles compared to trucks and buses linked back to the easier accessibility of charging points for smaller electric and hybrid-electric van models, in part due to their use for in-town traffic. France-based Renault and Germany’s Mercedes-Benz were the market leaders for electric light commercial vehicle sales; Nissan followed close behind with its e-NV200 being the second most popular model in the region in 2020.

A slower shift for heavy commercial vehicles

In 2020, the purchase cost of fully-electric heavy-duty trucks also amounted to some 380,500 U.S. dollars, over three times more than a diesel truck, which contributed to the lower adoption of electric trucks and buses by the European market. Diesel vehicles were still the most popular type, but a slow shift towards zero-emissions started with the new 2019 standards. Heavy-duty commercial vehicles covered by the new 2019 European Union standard made up about eight out of 10 trucks within the European total fleet, with European brands holding most of the market share in this segment. Germany-based Volkswagen and Sweden’s Volvo held over half the percentage of European truck registrations covered by the adopted carbon dioxide standards in 2019. Projected adoption rates of new-energy heavy-duty trucks are projected to reach 19 percent for long-haul freight in 2030. That same year, production of hydrogen fuel cell trucks and battery-electric trucks should reach 10 percent but could climb to almost half the total production of heavy commercial vehicles five years later. This trend illustrates the heavy-duty segment is slowly shifting towards zero-emission.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 30 most important statistics relating to "Zero-emission commercial vehicles in Europe".

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