Global carbon stocks by broad source 2010-2019

Estimated stock of carbon in the earth, ocean, and atmosphere by broad source or location in the period from 2010 to 2019

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Release date




Survey time period

2010 to 2019

Supplementary notes

A figure of 122,576,000 gigatons was given for the earth's lithosphere (continental crusts and upper mantle) from page 5 of this report from the United States Department of Agriculture. Other figures in this source corroborate figures from the ESSD.

For display purposes, a median value has been given in cases where the source gave a range of figures. These ranges are (in gigatons of carbon):
Gas reserves: 385-1135
Coal reserves: 445-54
Oil reserves: 175-265
Soils: 1500-2400
Vegetation: 450-650
Coasts: 10-45

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