Unemployment among high school dropouts and high school graduates
As seen from the timeline above, high school graduates are generally employed at a much higher rate than individuals who had dropped out of high school. Since 2000, the share of high school dropouts to be employed has risen and fallen. Unemployment of high school dropouts reached a low in 2017 at 18.9 percent almost matching that of graduates. In 2016, 89.1 percent of the U.S. population who were aged 25 and above had graduated from high school.
Unemployment of high school dropouts is also much higher than the national unemployment rate in the United States. As of 2016, unemployment in the U.S. was at 4.9 percent, down from a high of 9.6 percent unemployment in 2010, the highest yearly rate in ten years. Nationwide, unemployment is worst among farming, fishing, and forestry occupations, with a rate of 8.9 percent in April 2017, followed by construction and extraction occupations and transportation and material moving occupations.
Not only were almost 32 percent of high school dropouts unemployed in 2016, but working high school dropouts earned less on average than individuals of any other level of educational attainment. In 2015, mean earnings of individuals who had not graduated from high school were about 35,551 U.S. dollars annually, compared to 43,061 dollars among high school graduates and 76,310 dollars among those with a Bachelor's degree.