The administration of the healthcare system is distributed between the public and private sectors, in terms of finance and supply. Nevertheless, all administrative functions are ultimately overseen by the Ministry of Health (MoH). The Ministry of Health is further divided into six departments which provide healthcare services to the entire population. Basic healthcare services and primary healthcare are catered to by the Department of Public Health. The Department of Medical Services oversees treatments and rehabilitation facilities, while the Department of Medical research conducts nation-wide surveys and research for medical development. The training of medical health professionals is the duty of the Department of Health Professional Resource Development (HPRD) and Management. Other areas within the ministry include: the Department of Food and Drug Administration and the Department of Traditional Medicine. Interestingly, in 2016 five percent of the total government spending in Myanmar was for healthcare.
Myanmar has made some progress in achieving its Millennium Development Goals, in accordance with the United Nations Millennium Declaration, signed in 2000. However, it struggled to attain several of its targets for 2015. In 2017, there was a decline in the immunization of children aged two years and below against measles and DPT. Prior to this, there was a resurgence in the number of malnourished people. There were also 782 reported cases of cholera in 2016. Additionally, a further challenge was the drastic drop in the number of health professionals, including midwives and dental surgeons between the years 2014 to 2016.
By 2016, Myanmar had established over 1,100 government hospitals. Consequently, the total number of in-patients and out-patients increased. The average duration of stay decreased to approximately five days, as reported in 2015. Meanwhile, within the pharmaceutical market the number of dispensaries appeared to stabilize between 2013 and 2016, while the production volume of tablets soared during 2017. However, despite the improvements in healthcare since the end of the authoritarian regime, Myanmar continues to face challenges on the reformation and financial fronts of its transitioning health system.