Mine production of palladium globally
Almost two thirds of global palladium usage is attributed to catalytic converter production. Other areas of application for palladium are electronics, jewellery, medical purposes, dentistry, hydrogen purification, groundwater treatment, and other chemical applications. Palladium is a key component of fuel cells, which are used to convert chemical energy from fuel into electricity.
Worldwide mine production of palladium fell in 2014 from higher levels in the years before. In 2011, some 215 metric tons of palladium was produced worldwide. Russia was the leading palladium producing country in 2015, followed by South Africa, Canada, and the United States. The top world palladium consumers are North America and China. The United States and China are also the two individual countries with the largest global market shares of auto production.