History of U.S. presidential elections 1789-2020

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Statista dossier on the history of U.S. presidential elections from 1789 to 2020

This dossier presents a range of statistics and facts relating to all U.S. presidential elections held from 1789 until 2020. The U.S. uses an electoral college system to elect its president, which generally sees each state hold a popular vote in order to decide who its electoral votes will be awarded to. There are a total of 538 electoral votes on offer across the U.S. (split among the states according to population), and a majority of 270 is needed to win the election outright. 59 presidential elections have been held since 1789, and the elections have gradually grown in scale and prominence throughout this time. The history of U.S. presidential elections dossier includes data relating to election results, turnout rates and voting patterns, including data relating to key battleground states in recent elections.

Table of contents

  • 1. Historical results
    • Share of electoral and popular votes by each United States president 1789-2020

    • Share of electoral votes for major parties in US presidential elections 1860-2020

    • Share of popular votes for major parties in US presidential elections 1860-2020

    • Electoral vote difference in U.S. presidential re-election campaigns 1792-2020

    • Popular vote difference in U.S. presidential re-election campaigns 1832-2020

    • Winning margins for votes in U.S. presidential elections 1789-2020

    • Third-party performances in U.S. presidential elections 1892-2020

  • 2. Voter turnout
    • Number of votes cast in U.S. presidential elections 1824-2020

    • Voter turnout in U.S. presidential and midterm elections 1789-2020

    • Share of total population who voted in U.S. presidential elections 1824-2020

    • Voter turnout in US presidential elections by ethnicity 1964-2016

    • Voter turnout in U.S. presidential elections by gender 1964-2016

    • Voter turnout in U.S. presidential elections by age 1964-2016

    • Major political party identification U.S. 2000-2020

  • 3. History of 2020 battleground states
    • Arizona's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1912-2020

    • Florida's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1848-2020

    • Georgia's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1789-2020

    • Michigan's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1836-2020

    • Minnesota's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1860-2020

    • Nevada's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1864-2020

    • New Hampshire's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1789-2020

    • North Carolina's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1792-2020

    • Ohio's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1804-2020

    • Pennsylvania's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1789-2020

    • Texas's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1848-2020

    • Wisconsin's electoral votes in U.S. presidential elections 1848-2020

  • 4. Other
    • Party each state voted for in presidential elections by number of wins U.S. 1900-2020

    • Current voting streak by each state in U.S. presidential elections 1964-2020

    • Longest voting streak by each state in U.S. presidential elections 1789-2020

    • Share of U.S. presidential elections where each state voted for the winner 1900-2020

    • Age of US Presidents when first taking office 1789-2021

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