Municipal solid waste is commonly known as everyday garbage produced by households, commercial and institutional entities. The United States produced over 260 million tons of municipal solid waste annually in recent years. Often material that can be composted, such as food, ends up in landfills and incinerators. The amount of waste generated per person has increased decreased slightly, however, the diversion of waste has also improved. Recycling and composting can prevent material from being disposed in landfills, reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and divert resources to other important natural resources. Among those who regularly compost their waste in the U.S., the majority compost as a good way to produce fertilizer for their plants.
The United States previously sold large volumes of recycling waste to China, however, China halted its purchasing citing contamination reasons in 2018. Due to the sudden change of policy, many industries in the U.S. still do not have the ability to properly treat this new accumulating waste load and have thus, incurred increasingly high rates to recycle waste and may have even halted recycling services.