Incarceration rate in the United Kingdom 2008-2019

England and Wales had an incarceration rate of 137.9 per 100 thousand people in 2019, compared with 146 for Scotland and 79.2 for Northern Ireland. In 2008, Scotland had a higher incarceration rate than England and Wales, but this declined at a faster rate than those two countries after 2012, although the recent uptick in 2019 has seen Scotland once again have the highest incarceration rate in the UK. Northern Ireland has consistently had the lowest incarceration rate of the Untied Kingdom's countries.

Incarceration rate in the United Kingdom from 2008 to 2019, by country

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Release date

March 2019


United Kingdom

Survey time period

2008 to 2019

Supplementary notes

* 2016 data

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Statistics on "Criminal justice system in the UK"

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