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Largest cities in Indonesia in 2010

This statistic shows the ten biggest cities in Indonesia in 2010. In 2010, Indonesia's total population amounted to approximately 237 million people. About 9.61 million of them lived in Jakarta, making it the biggest city in Indonesia.

Indonesia's urban population

The largest city and capital of Indonesia is Jakarta. The city is home to close to 10 million inhabitants. While this is an extremely high number, this represents less than 5 percent of Indonesia’s total population which is around 250 million. Indonesia is the 4th most-populated country in the world, behind China, India and the United States.

The city of Jakarta is located to the west of the island of Java on the Java Sea. The majority of Indonesia’s population lives on the island of Java and most of its metropolises, including Bekasi, Tangerang, Depok, Bandung, Semarang, and Surabaya, are all located there. Bekasi, Tangernang and Depok are located less than 40 km away from the city of Jakarta creating an expansive urban and suburban metropolis region. This rapid urbanization is largely uncontrolled and may jeopardize the regions sustainability in years to come. The good news is that the population growth rate of Indonesia is slowing down ever so slightly, because of a likewise decreasing fertility rate.

Indonesia’s economy is also fairly diversified, which some may consider a strength for an island economy from a self-sufficiency standpoint. Agriculture also still plays an important role, composing close to a 14 percent share of the country’s economy, and while the country is still developing, it still produces a large portion of food which helps feed its ever increasing urban population.

Indonesia: The largest cities in 2010

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Release date

December 2015



Survey time period

May 1, 2010

Supplementary notes

Figures have been rounded.

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Statistics on "Indonesia"

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