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Demographics of Hungary - statistics & facts

Hungary’s population amounted to 9.7 million people as of January 2021, which was the lowest value recorded in the past three decades. Factors such as low fertility rate and emigration have contributed to the population decline. Although Hungary’s fertility rate has increased considerably over the last few years, it was still below the 2.1 value necessary for sustaining the country’s population in 2020. While 141 thousand people died in 2020, only 92 thousand live births were recorded.

The traditional family model

Most Hungarians value a traditional family model — over 40 percent were married, more than 12 percent were divorced, and a further 10 percent were widowed as of January 1, 2021. During the last decade, more and more people decided to get married while the number of divorces decreased. However, the average age at first marriage has become higher over the years. In 2020, Hungarian men were around 33 years old at the time of first marriage, whereas women got married for the first time at 30 years old. When it comes to same-sex marriage, most Hungarians share conventional beliefs. According to the findings of a survey conducted in 2020, majority of the population was against authorizing same-sex marriages in the country.

Population distribution

The population is mostly concentrated in urban areas, with only three million people residing in villages as of 2021. However, since 2016, the number of people leaving the capital, Budapest, and settling in villages has increased. In 2019, over nine thousand Hungarians moved to rural areas. Despite the growing popularity of villages, some settlements have still recorded a considerable decrease in the number of residents. As a result, these areas might get completely abandoned in the upcoming years.

A homogenous society and immigration

The Hungarian society is rather homogenous. In 2020, the share of foreign citizens in the whole population totaled just over two percent. Most foreign citizens chose Budapest as their place of residence, with Békés county accommodating the lowest number of internationals (five people per a thousand inhabitants). The number of immigrants arriving in Hungary followed a growing trend after 2013, peaking at nearly 89 thousand persons in 2019. However, Hungary’s strict asylum policy resulted in an increase in illegal immigration. Consequently, 4.5 thousand third-country citizens were found to be illegally present in the country and were ordered to leave in 2020.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 29 most important statistics relating to "Demographics of Hungary".


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