Even in 2016 there are still around a dozen countries in the world which punish homosexual acts with death. Making up the group that deem homosexuality to be a capital offence are countries such as Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Nigeria. On the flip side, there has been a wave of same-sex marriage legalisation in recent times with the Netherlands (2001) and Belgium (2003) leading the way to some of the most recent changes in France (2013), Great Britain
(2014) and the United States
(nationwide 2015). Last year, Ireland became the first country to legalize same-sex marriage through popular vote.