Sugar cane production
Sugar cane is a grass native to Asia and grows mostly in tropical and subtropical areas. In terms of the U.S. sugar cane production by state, it is mainly concentrated in the federal states of Florida, Louisiana, Texas and Hawaii. In 2016, Florida produced around 17.6 million tons of sugar cane and was expected to produce nearly the same quantity the following year. During this period, Florida accounted for almost half of the country’s total sugar cane production. Some nine hundred thousand acres of sugar cane are harvested yearly in the United States, generating over one billion U.S. dollars in annual revenues.
In 2014, Brazil was the leading sugar cane producer worldwide. In that year, the nation yielded approximately 737.16 million metric tons of sugar cane, accounting for more than 34 percent of the global sugar cane production.
Sugar cane is processed into raw sugar at mills shortly after harvest then transported to refineries to produce powdered, granulated and brown sugar. Between 2016 and 2017, the United States produced approximately 8.5 million metric tons of sugar. In 2016, it was estimated that the global production of sugar amounted to nearly 177 million tons.