Rubber is an elastic polymer that is known to be used as a thermoset elastomer once it has been strengthened by the curing process known as vulcanization. There are two main types of rubber. Natural rubber, also called caoutchouc and India rubber, is produced from latex derived from rubber trees. The latex fluid is extracted through a process called tapping, in which the fluid is collected in vessels from cuts made in the bark of the rubber. From there, the rubber is refined into rubber that is suitable for commercial processing. Although the rubber tree is native to South America, only 2.4 percent of the global natural rubber production took place in all of North, Central, and South America as of 2018. The vast majority of natural rubber is produced in Asia.
Synthetic rubber refers to any artificial elastomer, which are mainly polymers synthesized from byproducts of the petroleum refining process. There are approximately 20 different chemical types of synthetic rubber, with different grades of rubber in each of those chemical categories. About 52 percent of the rubber supply worldwide is synthetic rubber.
Rubber has a large stretch ratio, is highly waterproof, and has a high resilience, making it a very useful material that can be used for a wide variety of applications either alone or in combination with other materials. Approximately 60 percent of the worldwide consumption of rubber is attributable to the global tire manufacturing industry, while the remaining rubber consumption is used to manufacture a wide variety of products such as rubber boots, rubber mulch, rubber bands, and more.
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In the following 7 chapters, you will quickly find the 25 most important statistics relating to "Rubber".