According to numbers collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, tertiary students in Oman and Tunisia were most likely to graduate in a STEM field, with between 43 and 46 percent of students receiving a degree in engineering or a scientific, technical or mathematical field. India, with a still high share of almost 32 percent of students picking STEM, produced the most graduates in total with almost 2.7 million in 2018, according to the data.
UNESCO did not publish data for China. In 2016, the World Economic Forum said that China actually produced 4.7 million STEM graduates a year, which would exceed India’s number by a large margin. Yet, according to the National Science Foundation, China classifies engineering and science fields quite broadly, leading to a lack of comparability in the data. The U.S. government agency counted 1.6 million Chinese science and engineering graduates in 2014.
Other countries with a strong showing of STEM graduates were Germany, Singapore, Malaysia, Algeria, Iran, Myanmar and Belarus – all producing more than 30 percent STEM graduates. In comparison, 26 percent of UK graduates came from STEM courses, as did 25 percent in France, 23 percent in Spain and 18 percent in the U.S. and Brazil, respectively.