According to the latest report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
, global defense spending has gone up for the first time since 2011. Last year, nations splurged $1.686 trillion on weapons, 0.4 percent higher than in 2015. The U.S. spent $611 billion, 36 percent of the global total and three times as much as second-placed China
. Russia came third overall, spending $69.2 billion on its military, a 5.9 percent increase on the previous year.
Despite its significant involvement in the conflict in neighboring Yemen
, Saudi Arabia fell to fourth in this year's ranking with expenditure estimated at $63.7 billion. Western European countries have upped their defense expenditure in response to tensions in Russia. All in all, military spending in Western Europe increased 2.4 percent in 2016 with Italy the most notable nation in terms of spending. Last year, Italian defense spending grew 11 percent to just under $28 billion.