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Crime in Romania - Statistics & Facts

Crimes against a person

In general, recent years in Romania have been characterized by a decrease in the number of crimes against a person. As a result, the homicide rate in Romania decreased to 1.3 percent in 2019, being the second lowest value ever registered since 1990. Instead, the judiciary was more overwhelmed by the number of manslaughter cases brought before Romanian courts, which totaled almost one thousand cases in 2020. Nevertheless, courts and tribunals were still able to close a significant number of murder cases, as well as 3.6 thousand cases of battery and other acts of violence.

Economic crimes

As a consequence of modern times, economic crimes and corruption have become more frequent. In 2019, the police department reported that almost six thousand economic crimes were committed in Bucharest. The number of money laundering crimes brought before Romanian courts totaled 100 cases by 2018, the highest amount since 2015, while over one thousand tax evasion cases were reported in 2020. It is clear that economic crimes affect not only the criminal justice system, but also businesses and state economy. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that in 2019, the total value of card fraud losses peaked at nearly 14 million Romanian lei.



Corruption crimes

Romania’s Corruption Perception Index for 2020 reflected the country’s inability of dealing with high-level corruption cases. In 2019, Romania registered a drop of three points having the second lowest score in the European Union, after Bulgaria. The lack of measures to properly control political funding and to prevent excessive influence of the political environment led to more than 300 crimes of bribery and traffic of influence to be brought before Romanian courts in 2020. Although over 800 defendants were sent to trial for corruption offenses in 2019, the influence of politics on the criminal justice system still affects the independence of the judiciary as a separate power in the state. In any case, in May 2019, Romania saw a victory in the conviction of the President of the Chamber of Deputies, who was sentenced to three years and six months of imprisonment for incitement to abuse of office after several prior convictions with suspended sentences.



Cyber crimes

Cybercrimes are rapidly emerging as one of the most dangerous and harmful crimes of the century. In 2020, approximately 26 percent of survey participants discovered a malicious software on their devices, while one out of ten Romanians reported having been a victim of identity theft. The most common cyber attack in the country, impacting both individuals and corporations, was phishing, amounting to nearly 300 thousand attacks in 2020. Additionally, ransomware attacks accounted for 7.7 percent of the malware attacks in Romania.

Interesting statistics

In the following 7 chapters, you will quickly find the 43 most important statistics relating to "Crime in Romania".

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