The criminal justice system in Romania has changed significantly over the last 20 years. In 2020, the crime index stood at 27.64, registering its best score since 2012. However, the number of criminal offenses increased by approximately 10,000 in 2018, compared to the previous year, which naturally determined an increase in the crime rate per 100,000 of the population for the same year.
Romania’s Corruption Perception Index for 2019 reflected the country’s inability of dealing with high-level corruption cases. Romania registered a drop of three points in 2019 compared to 2018, having the second lowest score in the European Union, after Bulgaria. The lack of measures to properly control political funding and to prevent excessive influence of the political environment led to more than 300 crimes of bribery and traffic of influence to be brought before Romanian courts in 2019. Although over 800 defendants were sent to trial for corruption offenses last year, the influence of politics on the criminal justice system still affects the independence of the judiciary as a separate power in the state. In any case, in May 2019, Romania saw a victory in the conviction of the President of the Chamber of Deputies, who was sentenced to three years and six months of imprisonment for incitement to abuse of office after several prior convictions with suspended sentences.
Cybercrimes are rapidly emerging as one of the most dangerous and harmful crimes of the century. Almost 50 percent of companies in Romania experienced cybercrime fraud in the form of disruption of business processes in 2017. Additionally, more than one third of companies were victims of cyberattacks such as malware or phishing.
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In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 29 most important statistics relating to "Crime in Romania".