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Crime in Romania - Statistics & Facts

The criminal justice system in Romania has changed significantly over the last 20 years. In 2020, the crime index stood at 27.64, registering its best score since 2012. However, the number of criminal offenses increased by approximately 10,000 in 2018, compared to the previous year, which naturally determined an increase in the crime rate per 100,000 of the population for the same year.

In general, recent years in Romania have been characterized by a decrease in the number of crimes against a person. As a result, the homicide rate in Romania decreased to 1.5 percent in 2017, being the second lowest value ever registered since 1990. Instead, the judiciary was more overwhelmed by the number of manslaughter cases brought before Romanian courts, which totaled 1,093 cases in 2019. Courts and tribunals were still able to close over 600 murder cases and more than 4,000 cases of battery and other acts of violence in 2019.

As a consequence of modern times, economic crimes and corruption have become more frequent. Thus, it is not surprising that the rate of economic crimes increased by 25 percent in 2018 compared to 2016. The number of money laundering crimes brought before Romanian courts totaled 100 cases by 2018, the highest amount since 2015. Additionally, there were almost 1,500 tax evasion cases in 2019. Economic crimes affect not only the criminal justice system, but also businesses and state economy. This is why, in 2017, one out of five companies claimed to have had a financial impact due to economic crimes worth one million U.S. dollars in losses.

Romania’s Corruption Perception Index for 2019 reflected the country’s inability of dealing with high-level corruption cases. Romania registered a drop of three points in 2019 compared to 2018, having the second lowest score in the European Union, after Bulgaria. The lack of measures to properly control political funding and to prevent excessive influence of the political environment led to more than 300 crimes of bribery and traffic of influence to be brought before Romanian courts in 2019. Although over 800 defendants were sent to trial for corruption offenses last year, the influence of politics on the criminal justice system still affects the independence of the judiciary as a separate power in the state. In any case, in May 2019, Romania saw a victory in the conviction of the President of the Chamber of Deputies, who was sentenced to three years and six months of imprisonment for incitement to abuse of office after several prior convictions with suspended sentences.

Cybercrimes are rapidly emerging as one of the most dangerous and harmful crimes of the century. Almost 50 percent of companies in Romania experienced cybercrime fraud in the form of disruption of business processes in 2017. Additionally, more than one third of companies were victims of cyberattacks such as malware or phishing.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 29 most important statistics relating to "Crime in Romania".

Crime in Romania

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Important key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Crime in Romania" and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Crimes against a person

Economic crimes

Corruption crimes



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