In the United States, Canada
, Australia and New Zealand, the life expectancy of indigenous people is lower than the non-indigenous population. There are few recent studies directly comparing the situation across those countries and the following infographic seeks to illustrate the life expectancy chasm through the utilization of data from respective health or statistics ministries/offices.
Those numbers certainly confirm the gulf in life expectancy which can generally be attributed to a range of factors, particularly socio-economic ones that are often exacerbated by cultural barriers. In many cases illness, high levels of unemployment, lack of education and incarceration of family members culminate in lower life expectancy. It can also be caused by rural indigenous communities lacking access to critical healthcare infrastructure such as doctors, pharmacies and hospitals.
In Australia, for example
, aboriginal males had a life expectancy of 71.6 years in the period from 2015 to 2017 while non-aboriginal males were expected to live until 80.2 years of age. The same is true of females - 83.4 years for non-aboriginies and 75.6 for aboriginies.