When Oklahoma enacted new laws to allow the open and concealed carry of guns without a permit on Nov 1, it was the third state in 2019 to introduce so-called constitutional carry laws. Earlier in the year, South Dakota and Kentucky had already done away with all carry permits, bringing the count of states practicing constitutional carry to 15.
The new laws are being enacted among significant pushback from gun law advocates. In the case of Oklahoma, the state’s Supreme Court struck down an emergency injunction the day before the laws went into effect.
For many decades, Vermont was the only state with these types of laws, which is why the practice is sometimes also referred to as “Vermont carry”. In 2011, Wyoming was the first state to enact or re-introduce similar laws.
Throughout the U.S., there are 13 states requiring permits for the open and concealed carry of guns and another six states that issue permits for concealed carry and prohibit open carry. Several other states allow the open carry of guns without a permit while requiring one for concealed carry (no states do it the other way around).