Costa Rica is the most recent country to have legalized same-sex marriage and it is the only nation in Central America to have done so. It has been legal in Costa Rica since May 26, 2020 as the result of a ruling by the Supreme Court of Justice. Same-sex marriage has advanced in countries and regions where acceptance of homosexuality is high and globally, two-thirds of countries that allow it are in Western Europe.
Still, several European governments do not allow same-sex unions, notably Italy and Switzerland, according to Pew Research. South Africa remains the only country to have legalized same-sex marriage in Africa while no counties have done so in Central and Eastern Europe.