According to a new report
released by the UNHCR, the number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict exceeded 70 million in 2018, the highest level that the organization has seen in its almost 70 years. The number of people forcibly displaced is double the level of 20 years ago and it corresponds to a population between that of Thailand and Turkey. The total is actually conservative because the crisis in Venezula
is only partly reflected by the figure. According to the governments receiving them, at least 4 million Venezuelans have fled their country but it is thought that only half a million have formally applied for asylum.
Last year, the top-10 countries of origin accounted for 82 percent of all refugees while 57 percent came from three countries - Syria, Afghanistan and South Sudan. Even though the war in Syria has been winding down, it has like in previous years, been the main country of origin for refugees in 2018. 6.7 million were recorded late last year, an increase on 6.3 million a year earlier. Syria's refugees have a huge global footpint and are hosted by 127 countries but 85 percent of them have remained in the Middle East with Turkey
hosting the largest population. Afghanistan came second last year with 2.7 million refugees while South Sudan came third with 2.3 million.