Xiomara Castro is expected to have won the presidential elections in Honduras, held yesterday. The wife of former president Manuel Zelaya and self-proclaimed socialist would be the country's first female leader. As seen in data by the Council on Foreign Relations, Honduras would be the fourth country in Central America to elect a female president and the 14th country on the American continent to have had a woman leader since 1946.
Female country leaders have existed on all continents, but Europe is generally the region with the highest concentration of female-led and repeatedly female-led nations. All the countries which have had three or more female leaders are located there. The one which has had the most females at the helm is Switzerland. The country counts five former female presidents of the Swiss Confederation, but has an advantage because the presidents' terms are limited to one year.
Finland follows with four female prime ministers or presidents, including current premier Sanna Marin. Iceland has counted three female leaders. One of them, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, was the world's first female elected president. She stayed in office 16 years from 1980 to 1996.
The source counts women who have served as heads of government, heads of state or a combination of the two, except when the position was temporary, purely honorary or was filled by a monarch or appointed by one.