India is experiencing a revolution in toilet-building. Before Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to power, just under 40 percent of the country's population had access to a household toilet, a situation he vowed to change by investing billions of dollars. He launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan ("Clean India") campaign on October 2, 2014 with the goal of eliminating open defecation
and manual scavenging within five years.
Since the campaign was launched, just under 80 million toilets
have been built in India. 419 districts are now classified as being open defecation free. The share of the population with access to a toilet has also been climbing steadily and it currently stands at 89 percent, according to the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.